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简介1.求一些写英语作文所用的高级词汇及常用短语句型(贵在精而不在多)(高考)2.高考英语词组3.求高考英语作文万能句型,高级句型,高级词汇。4.求高考英语作文高级词汇,高级的,动词类: 1. “看” :look; see; watch; observe; notice; catch sight of; stare; glare; glance; glimpse; see a film; watch







1. “看” :look; see; watch; observe; notice; catch sight of; stare; glare; glance; glimpse; see a film; watch TV;

2. “说” :telll sth to sb.=tell sb sth; talk with sb about sth; say

sth; speak in English; whisper sth to sb; inform sb of sth; reason

/talk/persuade sb into doing sth; bargain; cha; repea; explain; warn;

remind; discuss; debate; figure; declare; claim; mention; admit; deny;

describe; announce; introduce; complain

3. “叫” :cry; call; shout; scream; moan; sigh; quarrel

4. “问” :ask; interview; express; question

5. “答”:answer; respond; reply

6. “听”:listen to; hear; pick up; overhear

7. “笑”:smile; laugh; burst into laughter; burst out laughing

8. “哭”:cry; shed tears; weep; sob; burst into tears /burst out crying

9. “吃/喝” :eat/drink; sip; have a meal; have supper; toast; taste; treat sb to; help oneself to

10. “穿” :put on; wear; have on; be dressed in; make-up; get changed; be in red; take off ; remove

11. “行” :walk ; run ; climb; jump; skip; slip; come/go; enter; move; drive; ride; fly; crawl

12. “坐” :sit down; be seated; seat oneself; take a seat/ stand; lean

13. “睡/休息” :lie /on one’s back/on one side/ on one’s stomach; stay

in bed; have a rest; take a nap; be asleep; bend; turn over; rest

14. “写” :dictate; write sth; describe; drop a line; draw; take down/write down

15. “拿/放”: take; bring; hold; carry; fetch; lif; put; lay; pull; push

16. “抓” :take hold of; seize; grasp; scratch

17. “打” :hit; beat; strike; blow; attack

18. “扔” :throw; drop; fall; wave; shake

19. “送” :send; deliver; give; offer; see off

20. “摸/抱” :ouch; fold; embrace; hug; hold; in one’s arms

21. “踢/碰” :kick; knock; tip

22. “找/查” :find; look for; find out; discover/explore; hunt for;

search for seek / seek for in search of; search sb; search sp. for sth;

check; examine; test; inspect

23. “得” :get; obtain; acquire; gain; possess

24. “失” :lose; be lost /be missing; gone; great loss

25. “有” :have; own; conquer; occupy =possess

26. “无” :nothing left; the remaining thing; disappear; be missing /gone

27. “增/减” :rise / go up /drop; raise; bring down /reduce; increase/decrease

28. “买/卖” :buy; purchase; afford; pay; pay off ; pay for; sell; on

sale; bargain; bill / cheque / cash/credit card/notes/coins; discounts

29. “存在/消失” :come into being; exist; appear; survive ; live; show;

turn up; disappear; die; die out; pass away; be out of sight

30. “变化” :develop; improve ; become; grow; go+ bad /wrong/ sour

/without( negative adj.) turn + colour; change /change into; reform

31. “成功/失败” :make it; succeed; make progress; come true; realize

one’s dream; win; lose; fail to do; defeat; suffer loss; beat; turn sth.

into reality

32. “努力” :try /manage; make efforts; attempt ; do ones best; do as much as one can to do

33. 祝贺:congratulate sb. on sth.; celebrate; observe; get together

34. 敬佩:admire; respect; show respect for/to; adore; envy /be jealousy

35. 赞美/批评:praise; think highly of; blame sb for sth; sb is to

blame; criticize /scold sb. for sth.; have a low opinion of sb; speak

ill of

36. 喜/恶:like; love; be fond of ; be keen on; be crazy about; adore; be into; prefer; enjoy; dislike hate; ignore

37. 到达:arrive at; reach; return to; get to; stay in sp.; visit; leave; leave for

38. 受伤:hurt ; injure; wound; cut; kill; drown; bleed; get burnt; suffer from; suffer a loss

39. 损坏:damage; destroy; ruin; break down; crash; be broken

40. 修复: repair; rebuild; restore; fix; recover oneself

41. “认识的过程” :feel; sense; guess; suppose; wonder; doubt; know

/learn realize understand remember; be familiar with; recall; recite;

apply to

42. 认为;判断:think; believe; consider; find; feel; conclude; infer; doubt

43. 想/考虑:think of…as; think about; consider; think over

44. 支持/反对:agree; disagree; accept; receive; refuse; turn down; be against; elect; vote for/ against

45. 花费:sth/doing sth+cost; sb+spend+ in doing sth; sb+afford +n/to

do sth ; It +takes/took some time/ money/energy to do sth; sb pay some

money for sth.

46. 省/存钱:save /save up; set aside; put away; spare no effort/ time

47. 参加:take part in; join /join in; attend; compete in/ for/against

48. 控告:accuse sb. of; charge sb. with

49. 救治/帮助: help /help out; save /rescue sb from sth.; treat; cure

sb. of sth; aid sb in doing sth / to do sth; help sb with sth assist sb

in doing sth

50. 逃避:run away; escape from; flee; hide

51. 阻止/禁止:prevent / keep/ stop sb. from doing sth; forbid doing sth.; ban; prohibit

52. 对付/处理:handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth ; solve; settle

53. 效仿:copy; imitate; learn from; learn

54. 爆发/发生:come about; happen to; take place; break out; burst out; go off; explode

55. 安装/装备:fasten; fix; set; equip; be armed with; be equipped with

56. 追求:pursuit; ran after; seek after; chase; catch up with; keep up with

57. 建议:advise; suggest; recommend; propose; urge; demand; persuade

58. 打算:plan / intend / design to do; be going to do /be about to do /will do

59. 似乎/好象:seem; appear; look like/ as if /as though

60. 开办/关闭:open; start; set up; close/close up; end; close down



1假期 vacation holiday spring break ask for leave be on holiday have two days off

2旅游 trip journey tour voyage travel tourist passenger go camping/picnicking/hiking

3职务人员 clerk secretary passer-by friend minister manager waitress guest host hostess

Assistant customer adult neighbor relative patient /vet staff crew nurse teacher

Conductor tailor sailor inventor gardener guard

4餐馆/定餐/就餐 inn restaurant kitchen menu bill order tip fork and knife

reserve /book table Taste delicious salad dash vegetables fruit tray


5诊所/看病/服药 clinic hospital take one’s temperature take

medicine/pills have a fever/flu/headache doctor physician surgeon

specialist patient

6车站/机场 airport on board miss the train/bus catch a train meet sb.

7身体部位 arm head hair brain waist back shoulder pulse wrist

8意志 will courage patience determination faith effort confidence ambition energy

9才能/品质 talent gift ability potential intelligent promising smart stupid careful proud

Strict honest cold serious easy-going learned knowledgeable

10优缺点 advantage disadvantage strength weakness

11目标 aim goal intention purpose belief faith

12方式 means method way manner approach

13身体素质 strong weak pale sick ill be well keep slim/ fit cut weight/put on weight

14图表 photo picture graph drawing table line/bar graph pie chart draw a sketch 划草图

15文章 reading translation essay poem paper novel/fiction article

magazine newspaper journal 日志 diary日记 Files form make a list of

16课堂class course lecture example reason message notes words phrase scholarship degree

Subject question trouble difficulty grades read comment marks

17 学校活动 match game activity hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony

18建议/观点 advice suggestion idea proposal view recommandation

19气候/天气 climate weather storm windy cloudy rainy snow hot/cold/freezing/heat/warmth

20交通 by train/bus /boat bike on the train/bus /a bike drive a car ride a bike

give sb. a lift/ride

21习惯 habit custom get used to regular有规律的(形容词) practice惯例(名词)

22感觉 sight hearing touch smell sense

23情感 feeling emotion anger delight sadness sorrow

24 财富 money possessions wealth belongings fortunes treasure diamond be rich/well-off

25 运动比赛 on the playground on the track and filed pitch event game

match sports player Coach judge jogging weightlifting play


26衣服 clothes, cloth, clothing clothes统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用a piece of, an article of

27事件 incident, accident incident指小事件, accident指不幸的事故



乐happy delighted to one’s joy pleased amused

悲 sad unhappy painful bitter

平静 calm quiet silent/still peaceful

烦bother bored be fed up with

震惊 surprised astonished shocked /amazed

怕 in fear be frightened /scared /afraid

失望desperate disappointed hopeless be depressed

满意be satisfied with /be content to do

生气 Annoyed angry disgusting burst into rage

2 表程度的副词类

narrowly/ Nearly/ almost hardly/ hard extremely/ very very/ quite

Accidently/ once in a while occasionaly/ once far / by far

Farther/ further better/ worse be well/ good however/ therefore/so/thus


With the help of 在~~帮助下

under the leadership / care of 在~~领导/关心下

be strict with sb. 对~人要求严格

be strict in sth. 对~事要求严格

at present=at the present time 目前

for the present 暂时

in the sun/sunshine 在阳光下

under the sun 在世界上

lie in 位于~~之内

lie on 同~~接壤

lie to 位于~~之外

at least 至少

in the least 丝毫,一点

by name 名叫

in the name of 以~~名义

in the air 空中,在流传

on the air 播出

in the way 挡路,障碍,用~~方法

In a way 在某点上,在某种程度上

get one’s own way to do 随心所欲

give way 让步,屈服

ose one’s way 迷路

by the way 顺便说一下

on one’s way to 在去~~的路上

Come this way 这边走

at the corner 在拐角处(外角)

in the corner 在角落里(内角)

on the corner 在角落上(外角上)

judge by / from 根据~~来判断

judge for oneself 由某人自己来判断

at the end (of) 在~~结束时

at the beginning of 在~~开始时

at the back of 在~~背后,支持

at the age of ~~岁时

at the foot of 在~~脚下

at the bottom of 在~~底部

at the top of 在~~顶上

at/on the edge of 在~~边上

in the course of 在~~过程中

in the eyes of 从~~观点看来,在~~眼里

in the face of 面对~,尽管,纵使

in the middle of 在~中间

in the end =at last=finally 最后

on the eve of 在~~前夕

on the side of 在~~一边

after a time = after some time 过一段时间后

for a time = for some time 一时,有一段时间

behind time 迟到,过期

behind the times 落在时代后面

at no time 决不

in no time 立即,马上

at one time = once time 曾经

at a time = each time 每次

at times = sometimes 有时

at all times 经常,一直,始终

at the same time 同时

at the time 在~~的时候

by the time 到~~的时候

for a moment 一会儿

for the moment 暂时

at the moment 当时

the moment /minute /instance 正当~~一刹那

once or twice 一两次

more than once 不止一次

once more 重新,又

once upon a time 从前

once in a while 偶尔

1. 以break为中心的词组

break away from 脱离,逃离

break down 破坏,粉碎;瓦解;出故障,抛锚

break in 闯进,打断;使顺服

break into 闯入;强行进入;突然开始

break out 爆发,发生;准备使用;起锚

break the law 违反法律

break the record 破记录

break one’s promise 失言

break up 开垦,破碎;解散,分开,分解

2. 以catch为中心的词组

be caught doing 被发现做某事 be caught in the rain 淋雨

catch a bus/train 赶汽车/火车 catch a cold 伤风,感冒

catch one’s word 听懂某人的话 catch sight of 发现,瞥见

catch up with 赶上,追及,追上

3. 以come为中心的词组

come across 偶尔发现,想起;越过;偿付

come along 一道来,陪伴;进步,进展;出现

come at 达到,求得,得到;扑向,袭击

come back 回来;恢复,复原

come down 倒下;降落;跌落;病倒

come from 来自,起源于,从~~产生,生于

come in 进来,进入;流行起来;获名次

come into being 发生,产生,出现,形成

come into power 开始执政,当权,当选

come into use 开始使用,获得应用

come on 上演;开始;赶快;发展;登台;(问题)被提出

come to know 开始了解到

come out 出来,传出;出版;结果是;褪色;(秘密)泄露

come to 苏醒,复原;共计;达到;归结于

come to an end 终止,结束

come true 实现,成为现实;证实

come up 走近;上楼;长出,发芽

4. 以do为中心的词组

be done in 精疲力竭 be done with 完全结束

do a good deed 做一件好事 do away with 去掉,废除;弄死;浪费

do good to (=do sb. good) 有益于 do harm to (=do sb. good) 有害于

do its work 有效,有作用 do much 极有用

do wrong to 做错 do one’s best 尽某人最大努力

do one’s homework 做作业 do one’s utmost 尽力而为

do proud 足以使~~骄傲 do sb. justice 公平对待某人

do some cleaning (V+ing,etc.) 搞卫生 do sb. a favor 帮助某人

do well in 学得不错,干得漂亮 do with 和~~相处,忍受,处理

do without 不需要,不用 do wonders 创造奇迹

have much to do with 和~~很有关系 have nothing to do with 与~~无关

have something to do with 和~~有关 in doing so=in so doing 这时,在这种情况下

That will do. 行了;够了

5. 以get为中心的词组

get about 徘徊,走动,旅行;流传 get above oneself 自视高傲

get accustomed to 习惯于,对~~习以为常 get across 度过,通过,横过;说服,使理解

get ahead of 胜过,超过 get along 前进,进步;同意;离去

get along with 与~~相处 get at 发现,了解;掌握;攻击

have got to do 不得不,必须 get away 离开,逃脱

get back 取回,回来;报复 get behind 落后;识破

get down 咽下;写下;使沮丧,使抑郁 get down to 认真对待,静下心来

get familiar with 熟悉 get hold of 获得,取得

get home 到家

get in 进入,陷入;牵涉

get off 送走;脱下(衣服);下车;

动身 get on 上车;穿上;进步,使前进;成功;相处

get upon with 进步;在~~方面获得成功

get one’s hand in 熟悉;习惯

get out of 由~~出来,从~~得出;避免;退休

get over 越过;恢复,痊愈;克服;完成

get ready for 为~~作准备

get rid of 除去,去掉;免除,摆脱

get through 到达,完成,通过;及格

get together 积聚,积累;商谈,取得一致意见

get up 起床,起立;研究,钻研;致力于;安排,组织

get used to 习惯于

6. 以give为中心的词组

be given to 沉溺于,癖好 give about 分配;传播

give and take 相互迁就 give away 赠送;牺牲;泄露;颁发

give back 归还 give cause 给予~~的理由

give ear to 侧耳倾听 give forth 发出,放出;发表

give in 屈服,让步,投降 give in to 同意,接受;向~~让步

give off 发出(烟,气味) give oneself out to be/as 自称为

give oneself up to 专心于;向~~自首 give out 分发,公布

give place to 让位于,被~~所替代 give rise to 引起,导致;使~~发生

give sb. to understand 通知某人 give up 放弃;停止

give way to 让步,退却;屈服于

7. 以look为中心的词组

look about 四下环顾;查看 look after 照顾,看管

look around 东张西望 look at 注视,着眼于

look back 回顾 look for 寻找;期待,期望

look down on 俯视;轻视 look forward to 盼望,期待

look into 窥视;调查;浏览 look like 看起来象

look on 旁观;面向 look out 向外看;注意;当心,堤防

look over 从上面看过去;检查 look through 透过~~看去;看穿;浏览

look up to 仰望,尊敬

8. 以make为中心的词组

be made from 由~~原料制成

be made of 由~~材料制成

be made up of 由~~组成

make a fool of 愚弄,欺骗

make a mistake 弄错

make a point of doing 强调;认为~~重要;决心,坚持

make advantages/use of 使用,利用

make after 追求,追赶

make believe 假装

make certain 确信,把~~弄清楚

make contact with 接通,与~~接触,与~~联系

make for 去向,向~~前进;有利于

make friends with 和~~交友

make into 把~~制成,使~~转变为

make much of 重视;理解;赏识

make one’s mind on sth. 决定某事

make one’s own 当作自己的看待

make oneself at home 随便,别拘束

make out 填写;开支票;理解;辨认

make the best of 尽量利用;极为重视

make up 弥补,修理;赔偿,补偿;起草;编造;化装

make up to 接近,巴结;向~~求爱

make way for 为~~让路,让路于

on the make 急求成功;增加

9. 以put为中心的词组

put aside 把~~放在一边;搁置;排除

put away 把~~放好,把~~收拾;储藏;吃喝,吃掉

put back 把~~放回原处;驳回

put down 放下;镇压;制止;记下;削减;降落

put forward 提出;拨快;建议,推荐;提倡,倡议

put ~~ into 把~~放入;插入;翻译成

put off 推迟,延期;消除;推脱,推辞

put on 上演;穿上,带上

put up with 忍受,容忍

put one’s heart into 全神贯注,专心致志

put up 举起,挂起;提名,推荐;陈列

10. 以take为中心的词组

be taken aback 吃惊 take a seat 就坐

take a shower 淋浴,洗澡 take aim 瞄准,设立目标

take away 拿走,减去;夺去 take ~~ by surprise 出奇制胜

take one’s place 就坐,入坐

take care of 当心,注意;照顾;提防;谨慎;处理,对付;负责

take office 就职,上任

take ~~ for 把~当作

take off 脱去,除去;离开;起飞;模仿;起程;致死;复制,作副本;减弱

take one’s temperature 量体温

take part in 参与,参加

take it easy 别着急,慢慢来

take place = happen 发生,举行

take the place of 代替 take pride in 以~~为荣,对~~骄傲

take sb. by the arm 拉某人的胳膊

11. 以turn为中心的词组

give a new turn to 对~~予以新的看法

in one’s turn 轮到某人做某事

out of turn 不按次序的,不合适宜的

take one’s turn to do 轮到做

turn a blind eye to 对~~视而不见

turn against 背叛,采取敌对态度

turn back 折回,往回走

turn down 折叠,翻下,驳回,拒绝考虑

turn into 走进;变成,变为

turn to ~~for help 求助于

turn off 关上(自来水,电器开关);解雇,辞退;避开(问题);制造;生产

turn on 打开(自来水,电器开关);反对;依靠,依赖,取决于

turn one’s attention to 把注意力转向

turn out 培养;证明是;制成;实际情况是

turn out to be 原来是,证明是,结果是

turn over a new leaf 翻开新的一页,重新开始,改过自新

turn (a)round 旋转,转过身来;改变意见;采取新政策

turn to 变成;着手于

turn upside down 颠倒过来,翻过来;使陷入混乱

学习资料站《 中学新概念英语 》


1.经济的快速发展 the rapid development of economy 2.人民生活水平的显著提高/ 稳步增长the remarkable improvement/ steady growth of people’s living standard 3.先进的科学技术 advanced science and technology 4.面临新的机遇和挑战 be faced with new opportunities and challenges 5.人们普遍认为 It is commonly believed/ recognized that… 6.社会发展的必然结果 the inevitable result of social development 7.引起了广泛的公众关注 arouse wide public concern/ draw public attention8.不可否认 It is undeniable that…/ There is no denying that…/9.热烈的讨论/ 争论 a heated discussion/ debate 10. 有争议性的问题 a controversial issue 11.完全不同的观点 a totally different argument 12.一些人 …而另外一些人 … Some people… while others… 13. 就我而言/ 就个人而言 As far as I am concerned, / Personally, 14.就…达到绝对的一致 reach an absolute consensus on… 15.有充分的理由支持 be supported by sound reasons 16.双方的论点 argument on both sides 17.发挥着日益重要的作用 play an increasingly important role in… 18.对…必不可少 be indispensable to … 19.正如谚语所说 As the proverb goes: 20.…也不例外 …be no exception 21.对…产生有利/不利的影响 exert positive/ negative effects on… 22.利远远大于弊 the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages。 23.导致,引起 lead to/ give rise to/ contribute to/ result in 24.复杂的社会现象 a complicated social phenomenon 25.责任感 / 成就感 sense of responsibility/ sense of achievement 26. 竞争与合作精神 sense of competition and cooperation 27. 开阔眼界 widen one’s horizon/ broaden one’s vision 28.学习知识和技能 acquire knowledge and skills 29.经济/心理负担 financial burden / psychological burden 30.考虑到诸多因素 take many factors into account/ consideration 31. 从另一个角度 from another perspective 32.做出共同努力 make joint efforts 33. 对…有益 be beneficial / conducive to… 34.为社会做贡献 make contributions to the society 35.打下坚实的基础 lay a solid foundation for… 36.综合素质 comprehensive quality 37.无可非议 blameless / beyond reproach 39.致力于/ 投身于 be committed / devoted to…



Be getting on well with one’s study某人的学习越来越好

take several courses at school在学校学若干门课程

have English (Chinese, Physics…) every (other )day work hard at …

put one’s heart into…专心于;致力于

be interested in …

be fond of

like chemistry best

be good at …; be poor at …; do well in …; be weak in …

make progress in …; fail in …’ be tired of …’

pass the examination; give sb. a passing grade;

major in history 主修历史

He has the best record in school. 他的成绩最棒。

get a doctor’s degree 获得博士学位

be more interesting to sb.

learn about; succeed in…; be active in class (work);

take an active part in …; learn… by heart;

work out a (maths) problem; improve oneself in …;

get 90 marks for (English); get an “A” in the exam;

have a good command of…

lay a good foundation in (language study)


 get on well with sb; like to be with students;

 be gentle with us; be kind to sb;

 be a strict teacher; be strict with one’s pupils;

 be strict in work

 We think of him (her) as …; help sb with sth;

 praise sb for sth …; blame sb for sth..

 give advice on …; question sb on …

 be satisfied with …

 correct the students’ homework carefully and prepare for the next day; give sb a lot of work;

try to teach sb good study habits; make one’s lessons lively and interesting; teach sb. sth.;

teach sb to do sth.

devote all one’s time to work;

admire (sb.for) his devotion to the cause of education



spend one’s time in many different ways;

enjoy doing things by oneself; go swimming;

go for an outing; have an outing at (the seashore);

see the sights of Beijing; play the piano (violin);

play chess (basketball); have a swim;

have dances on weekends; have a picnic over the weekend;

go to the cinema; have a party; hold a sports meeting;

do some reading; help sb do sth; enjoy a family trip;

get everything ready for;

ride one’s bike with sb.to(the park);

There are a lot of activities at (the beach).

We enjoy a change from our busy life in the city.

She would like to bring sth. to the picnic.

It was a very relaxing Sunday.

There are good programmes on TV on weekends.


take a message for sb; send a message to sb;

hear from sb; talk about/of sth; tell sb to do sth;

get information about…;

express one’s idea (feelings) in English用英语表达一个人的思想(感情);

Write sb a letter saying…给某人写信说... , apologize to sb for…

thank you for …; make a speech t at the meeting;

explain sth to s; look upon sb as …; think sb to be …;

take sb’s side


would like to do; allow sb to do;

keep sb from doing (prevent sb. from doing);

call on sb to do; be afraid to do (be afraid of …);

fee like doing; insist on doing; drive sb. off;

speak highly of sb; speak ill of sb; think highly of sb;

force sb to do; offer to do; refuse to do; agree to do;

regret doing;

prefer to do A rather than do B; had better do;

would rather (not) do.


have the habit of doing…; have no trouble doing;

make up one’s mind to do;

prepare sb for …; give up doing…; do sth as usual;

do what he wants us to do; set about doing;

try one’s best to do…=go all out to do;

get into trouble; help sb out; do one’s bit for New China;

wait for sb to do; find a way to do; make friends with sb;

show (tell) sb. how to do…; take (send) sb to …;

I’m trying to find…;

I’m afraid we are out of …;

pass the time doing; feel a little excited about doing…;

can’t help doing…; do some good deeds to people;

be prepared for more hard work;

Some are doing A, others are doing B, and still others are doing C.


look around for …; look up (down) at …; catch sight of …;

take a look at …; hear sb do (doing); take notice of …;

take view of …; have a good understanding of …;

consider sb (sth) to be …; come to know…;

realize that …; know that +从句


be pleased with …; be delighted in doing…;

take a pleasure in doing; be worried about;

feel surprised at …

be sorry for …; be angry with sb for sth;

be angry about …(为某事生气);

look forward to doing…; wish to do; expect to do;

long for (long to do); be sick for one’s home;

have a strong desire to do …;


be in good shape; be in good (poor )health;

feel weak (well, terrible, sick); have got a high (slight ) fever;

have a slight (bad) cold; take one’s temperature;

have got a pain in …; be good (bad) for one’s health(eyes);

It’s nothing serious. stay in bed until…; save one’s life


It (take)sb. some time to do…; It is said that …;

be fit for; be short of; be well dressed;

miss the lecture (train); change…into…;

waste time doing; spend time doing; be busy doing;

have no choice but to do; I can’t help it. be in need of…;

be mistaken about …; fall behind…; catch up with;

on behalf of; instead of; be welcome to do…;

Running, biking and swimming are popular in summer.

Skiing and skating are my favorite winter sports.


You letter came to me this morning.

I have received your letter of July the 20th.

I’m writing to you about the lecture to be given next Monday.

I’m writing to ask if you can come next week.

How time flies! It’s three months&nbs

;since I saw you last.

Thank you for your letter.

In reply to your letter about (the exhibition this year)…;

Let me tell you that…


Please remember me to your whole family.

Give my best regards (wishes) to your mother.

Best wishes.

With love.

Wish you a pleasant journey.

Wish you success. Wish you the best of health. (luck)

Looking forward to your next visit to China.

Looking forward to the pleasure of meeting you.

Expecting to hear from you as soon as possible.


Go down this street

Turn night/left at the first crossing

It’s about…meters from here

You can’t miss it

In front of behind at/a the corner(不用in)

Pass two blocks


⑴A large number of visitors come here

⑵There are lots of visitors coming here every day

⑶Many people visit here every day

⑷A lot of people pay a visit here every day


表列举:for example、for instance、that is to say

表补充:besides、in addition、moreover

表对比:on the one hand…on the other hand

in spite of

表原因:because of、thanks to、due to、owing to

表结果:therefore、thus、as a result、so

表结论:to conclude、in a word、in brief、to sum up





You can (ask me for hlep).求助

The car (broke down) on half way.抛锚

It's difficult to (bring up) two kids in such a poor family.抚养

You must work harder to (catch up with others).赶上

The earth (came into being)about 4.6 billion years ago.形成

Our is (doing their best to)protect the environment.尽力去做

You can never (expect him to do) the things you hate too.期望某人做某事

I don't (feel like doing) anything tonight.想干什么

Try to (find out) the truth.找出,查出

One can (get over)anything when he keeps trying.克服

Bill Gates has (given away) a lot of money.捐赠

You'd better go to sleep earlier.去睡觉

She (had her watch repaired) today.请人做好某事

Hold on,please.先别挂电话

I just keep working hard.保持做某事

As is known to all, the earth is round.众所周知

Don't leave behind anything.落下

Let's move out.让我们做某事

Do not look down upon farmers.看不起,轻视

Tom was made to study in the room the whole day.被强迫做

I prefer to live a simple life.宁愿,更喜欢

OK, it's time to put up our camp.搭起

Running a campany is far from an easy thing.运营(一个公司)

My mum insist to see me off.目送某人离开

The rocket is being sending up.发射

I'll set aside some money for further use.放一边,节省下来

Don't keep showing yourself off.炫耀

Speaking aloud shows your confidence.大声说出来

It's hard to tell A from B.区分

It's cold and you should take care of yourself.照顾

Tom has talked with John for a long time.与某人交谈

I can't stand with the cold weather anymore.忍受

Sometimes I would think of her and hope that she would come back one day.想起,想到

He turned down my invitation,which quiet annoyed me.拒绝

I will work on my career till I'm too old to continue.从事





1.As far as ...is concerned 就……而言

2.It goes without saying that... 不言而喻,...

3.It can be said with certainty that... 可以肯定地说......

4.As the proverb says, 正如谚语所说的

5.It has to be noticed that... 它必须注意到,...

6.It's generally recognized that... 它普遍认为...

7.It's likely that ... 这可能是因为...

8.It's hardly that... 这是很难的......

9.It's hardly too much to say that... 它几乎没有太多的说…

10.What calls for special attention is that...需要特别注意的是

11.There's no denying the fact that...毫无疑问,无可否认

12.Nothing is more important than the fact that... 没有什么比这更重要的是…

13.what's far more important is that... 更重要的是…


1.A case in point is ... 一个典型的例子是...

2.As is often the case...由于通常情况下...

3.As stated in the previous paragraph 如前段所述

4.But the problem is not so simple. Therefore 然而问题并非如此简单,所以……

5.But it's a pity that... 但遗憾的是…

6.For all that...对于这一切...... In spite of the fact that...尽管事实......

7.Further, we hold opinion that... 此外,我们坚持认为,...

8.However , the difficulty lies in...然而,困难在于…

9.Similarly, we should pay attention to... 同样,我们要注意...


11.In view of the present station.鉴于目前形势

12.As has been mentioned above...正如上面所提到的…

13.In this respect, we may as well (say) 从这个角度上我们可以说

14.However, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is... 然而我们还得看到事物的另一方面,即 …


1.I will conclude by saying... 最后我要说…

2.Therefore, we have the reason to believe that...因此,我们有理由相信…

3.All things considered,总而言之 It may be safely said that...它可以有把握地说......

4.Therefore, in my opinion, it's more advisable...因此,在我看来,更可取的是…

5.From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that….通过以上讨论,我们可以得出结论…

6.The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that….通过数据我们得到的结论是,....

7.It can be concluded from the discussion that...从中我们可以得出这样的结论8.From my point of view, it would be better if...在我看来……也许更好


1.Let's take...to illustrate this.

2.let's take the above chart as an example to illustrate this.

3. Here is one more example.

4.Take … for example.

5.The same is true of….

6.This offers a typical instance of….

7.We may quote a common example of….

8.Just think of….


1.Some people think that …. 有些人认为…To be frank, I can not agree with their opinion for the reasons below. 坦率地说,我不能同意他们的意见,理由如下。

2. For years, … has been seen as …, but things are quite different now.多年来,……一直被视为……,但今天的情况有很大的不同。

3. I believe the title statement is valid because…. 我认为这个论点是正确的,因为…

4. I cannot entirely agree with the idea that ….我无法完全同意这一观点的… I believe….

5. My argument for this view goes as follows.我对这个问题的看法如下。

6. Along with the development of…, more and more….随着……的发展,越来越多…

7. There is a long-running debate as to whether….有一个长期运行的辩论,是否…

8. It is commonly/generally/widely/ believed /held/accepted/recognized that….它通常是认为…


People’s views on … vary from person to person. Some hold that …. However, others believe that….人们对……的观点因人而异.有些人认为……,然而其他人却认为……

People may have different opinions on …人们对……可能会有不同的见解.

Attitudes towards (drugs) vary from person to person.人们对待的态度因人而异.

There are different opinions among people as to …关于……,人们的观点大不相同.

Different people hold different attitudes toward (failure). 对(失败)人们的态度各不相同。

Taking all these factors into consideration, we naturally come to the conclusion that…


Taking into account all these factors, we may reasonably come to the conclusion that …


Hence/Therefore, we’d better come to the conclusion that …


There is no doubt that (job-hopping) has its drawbacks as well as merits.


All in all, we cannot live without … But at the same time we must try to find out new ways to cope with the problems that would arise.


It is high time that we put an end to the (trend).该是我们停止这一趋势的时候了.

It is time to take the advice of … and to put special emphasis on the improvement of …


There is no doubt that enough concern must be paid to the problem of …


Obviously, … If we want to do something … , it is essential that …


Only in this way can we … 只有这样,我们才能……

It must be realized that …我们必须意识到……

Obviously, if we don’t control the problem, the chances are that … will lead us in danger.


No doubt, unless we take effective measures, it is very likely that …


It is urgent that immediate measures should be taken to stop the situation.


According to a recent survey, four million people die each year from diseases linked to smoking.


The latest surveys show that quite a few children have unpleasant associations with homework.


No invention has received more praise and abuse than Internet.


People seem to fail to take into account the fact that education does not end with graduation.


An increasing number of people are beginning to realize that education is not complete with graduation.


When it comes to education, the majority of people believe that education is a lifetime study.


Many experts point out that physical exercise contributes directly to a persons physical fitness.


Proper measures must be taken to limit the number of foreign tourists and the great efforts should be made to protect local environment and history from the harmful effects of international tourism.


An increasing number of experts believe that migrants will exert positive effects on construction of city. However, this opinion is now being questioned by more and more city residents, who complain that the migrants have brought many serious problems like crime and prostitution.



severe 替换掉serious (严重的)

a severe water shortage严重缺水

needy 替换掉 ppor ( 贫穷的)

wealthy 替换掉 rich ( 富裕的)

benificial 替换掉 good (有益的)

undesirable 替换掉 bad (不好的,不受欢迎的)

nevertheless 替换掉 however (然而,不过)

fundamental / significant 替换掉 important ( 重要的)

relevant 替换掉 related (有关的)

....is highly relevant to.......

extraodinary 替换掉 surprising (惊人的,非凡的)

provided/providing (that )替换掉 if (如果..... )

promote /strengthen 替换掉 improve (提高,加强)

cope with 替换掉 solve ( 解决)

motivate 替换掉 encourage ( 激励)

jeopardize 替换掉 be bad to (损害,

well-being 替换掉 happiness (幸福,安康)

pros and cons 替换掉 advantages and disadvantages(好处和坏处)

approach / method 替换掉 way (方法,方案)

adopt 替换掉 use (采用,采取)

the aged 替换掉 old people(老人)

adolescents 替换掉 the young (青少年)


首先, 第一: initially, to begin with, to start with

其次, 第二, 第三, 第四……: furthermore, moreover, in addition, besides

最后: finally, last but not the least

现在(目前), XXXX现象是不可避免且难以否认的

Currently, there is an inevitable and undeniable fact that ……

At present, it is inevitable and undeniable that …..

例句: Currently, there is an inevitable and undeniable fact that computer is playing a significant role in our daily lives

At present, it is inevitable and undeniable that advertisement has been flooding into our daily lives


Along with the advance of the society (science and technology), people are attaching much importance to ……

例句: Along with the advance of the society, people are attaching more and more importance to the interview in the job-hunting

最近, XXXXX现象引起了人们的广泛关注

Recently, the phenomenon of (that) …… has aroused wide public concern

例句: Recently, the phenomenon that CPI keeps increasing has aroused wide public concern

一部分人认为……., 而另一部分人认为……

Some people argue that….., whereas others maintain that….

就我个人而言(老实说), 我全力支持前者(后者)

As for me, I am in high favor of the former (latter)

Personally, I side with the former (latter)

Frankly speaking/ To be frank/ To be honest/ Honestly speaking, it is the former (latter) that I approve of

我认为(在我看来,就我看来,我的观点是, 我想….)

I am convinced that….

As far as I am concerned, …..

To my point of view, …..

From where I stand, ……


as a two-bladed sword, as a double-edged sword

因此, 基于以上讨论, 我们很容易得出……的结论

Hence (Consequently), based on the discussion above, it is easy for us to draw the conclusion that…..


important—significant good—stunning, fabulous, sensational way—approach, method

use—adopt understand/know—figure out but—nevertheless so—consequently, therefore

because of—due to like to do/want to do—be inclined to do, be willing to do finish—accomplish advantages and disadvantages—pros and cons


1. According to a recent survey, four million people die each year from diseases linked to smoking.依照最近的一项调查,每年有4,000,000人死于与吸烟有关的疾病。

 3. No invention has received more praise and abuse than Internet.没有一项发明像互联网一样同时受到如此多的赞扬和批评。

4. People seem to fail to take into account the fact that education does not end with graduation.人们似乎忽视了教育不应该随着毕业而结束这一事实。

5. An increasing number of people are beginning to realize that education is not complete with graduation.越来越多的人开始意识到教育不能随着毕业而结束。

6. When it comes to education, the majority of people believe that education is a lifetime study.说到教育,大部分人认为其是一个终生的学习。

7. Many experts point out that physical exercise contributes directly to a person's physical fitness.许多专家指出体育锻炼直接有助于身体健康。

8. Proper measures must be taken to limit the number of foreign tourists and the great efforts should be made to protect local environment and history from the harmful effects of international tourism.应该采取适当的措施限制外国旅游者的数量,努力保护当地环境和历史不受国际旅游业的不利影响。

9. An increasing number of experts believe that migrants will exert positive effects on construction of city. However, this opinion is now being questioned by more and more city residents, who complain that the migrants have brought many serious problems like crime and prostitution.越来越多的专家相信移民对城市的建设起到积极作用。然而,越来越多的城市居民却怀疑这种说法,他们抱怨民工给城市带来了许多严重的问题,像犯罪和卖*。

10. Many city residents complain that it is so few buses in their city that they have to spend much more time waiting for a bus, which is usually crowded with a large number of passengers.许多市民抱怨城市的公交车太少,以至于他们要花很长时间等一辆公交车,而车上可能已满载乘客。

11. There is no denying the fact that air pollution is an extremely serious problem: the city authorities should take strong measures to deal with it.无可否认,空气污染是一个极其严重的问题:城市当局应该采取有力措施来解决它。

12. An investigation shows that female workers tend to have a favorable attitude toward retirement.一项调查显示妇女欢迎退休。

12a. A proper part-time job does not occupy students' too much time. In fact, it is unhealthy for them to spend all of time on their study. As an old saying goes: All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.一份适当的业余工作并不会占用学生太多的时间,事实上,把全部的时间都用到学习上并不健康,正如那句老话:只工作,不玩耍,聪明的孩子会变傻。

14. Any , which is blind to this point, may pay a heavy price.任何政府忽视这一点都将付出巨大的代价。

15.Nowadays, many students always go into raptures at the mere mention of the coming life of high school or college they will begin. Unfortunately, for most young people, it is not pleasant experience on their first day on campus.当前,一提到即将开始的学校生活,许多学生都会兴高采烈。然而,对多数年轻人来说,校园刚开始的日子并不是什么愉快的经历。

16. In view of the seriousness of this problem, effective measures should be taken before things get worse.考虑到问题的严重性,在事态进一步恶化之前,必须采取有效的措施。

17. The majority of students believe that part-time job will provide them with more opportunities to develop their interpersonal skills, which may put them in a favorable position in the future job markets.大部分学生相信业余工作会使他们有更多机会发展人际交往能力,而这对他们未来找工作是非常有好处的。

18. It is indisputable that there are millions of people who still have a miserable life and have to face the dangers of starvation and exposure.无可争辩,现在有成千上万的人仍过着挨饿受冻的痛苦生活。

19. Although this view is wildly held, this is little evidence that education can be obtained at any age and at any place.尽管这一观点被广泛接受,很少有证据表明教育能够在任何地点、任何年龄进行。

20. No one can deny the fact that a person's education is the most important aspect of his life.没有人能否认:教育是人生最重要的一方面。

21. People equate success in life with the ability of operating computer.人们把会使用计算机与人生成功相提并论。

22. In the last decades, advances in medical technology have made it possible for people to live longer than in the past.在过去的几十年,先进的医疗技术已经使得人们比过去活的时间更长成为可能。

23. In fact, we have to admit the fact that the quality of life is as important as life itself.事实上,我们必须承认生命的质量和生命本身一样重要。

24. We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.我们应该不遗余力地美化我们的环境。

25. People believe that computer skills will enhance their job opportunities or promotion opportunities.人们相信拥有计算机技术可以获得更多工作或提升的机会。

26. The information I've collected over last few years leads me to believe that this knowledge may be less useful than most people think.从这几年我搜集的信息来看,这些知识并没有人们想象的那么有用。

27. Now, it is generally accepted that no college or university can educate its students by the time they graduation.现在,人们普遍认为没有一所大学能够在毕业时候教给学生所有的知识。

28. This is a matter of life and death——a matter no country can afford to ignore.这是一个关系到生死的问题,任何国家都不能忽视。

29. For my part, I agree with the latter opinion for the following reasons:我同意后者,有如下理由:30. Before giving my opinion, I think it is important to look at the arguments on both sides.在给出我的观点之前,我想看看双方的观点是重要的。

31. This view is now being questioned by more and more people.这一观点正受到越来越多人的质疑。

32. Although many people claim that, along with the rapidly economic development, the number of people who use bicycle are decreasing and bicycle is bound to die out. The information I've collected over the recent years leads me to believe that bicycle will continue to play extremely important roles in modern society.尽管许多人认为随着经济的高速发展,用自行车的人数会减少,自行车可能会消亡, 然而,这几年我收集的一些信息让我相信自行车仍然会继续在现代社会发挥极其重要的作用。

33. Environmental experts point out that increasing pollution not only causes serious problems such as global warming but also could threaten to end human life on our planet.环境学家指出:持续增加的污染不仅会导致像全球变暖这样严重的问题,而且还将威胁到人类在这个星球的生存。

34. In view of such serious situation, environmental tools of transportation like bicycle are more important than any time before.考虑到这些严重的状况,我们比以往任何时候更需要像自行车这样的环保型交通工具。

35. Using bicycle contributes greatly to people's physical fitness as well as easing traffic jams.使用自行车有助于人们的身体健康,并极大地缓解了交通阻塞。

36. Despite many obvious advantages of bicycle, it is not without its problem.尽管自行车有许多明显的优点,但是它也存在它的问题。

37. Bicycle can't be compared with other means of transportation like car and train for speed and comfort.在速度和舒适度方面,自行车是无法和汽车、火车这样的交通工具相比的。

38. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that advantages of bicycle far outweigh its disadvantages and it will still play essential roles in modern society.通过以上讨论,我们可以得出结论:自行车的优点远大于缺点,并且在现代社会它仍将发挥重要作用。

39. There is a general discussion these days over education in many colleges and institutes. One of the questions under debate is whether education is a lifetime study.当前在高校和研究机构对教育存在着大量争论,其中一个问题就是教育是否是个终身学习的过程。

40. This issue has caused wide public concern.这个问题已经引起了广泛关注。

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