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2021高考英语语法填空语法总结_语法填空英语高考

tamoadmin 2024-06-11 人已围观

简介1.高考英语语法填空必背知识2.高考英语语法填空进行时态知识点与必记的单词3.英语高考语法填空技巧口诀4.高考英语语法填空5.高考英语语法填空的技巧和方法6.高考英语语法填空技巧_关于高考英语短文语法填空 在高考英语试题中,有一道大题叫做完形填空或短文填空,英语称为Cloze或Cloze Test。我精心收集了高中英语短文语法填空,供大家欣赏学习! 高中英语短文语法填空篇1

1.高考英语语法填空必背知识

2.高考英语语法填空进行时态知识点与必记的单词

3.英语高考语法填空技巧口诀

4.高考英语语法填空

5.高考英语语法填空的技巧和方法

6.高考英语语法填空技巧_关于高考英语短文语法填空

2021高考英语语法填空语法总结_语法填空英语高考

 在高考英语试题中,有一道大题叫做完形填空或短文填空,英语称为Cloze或Cloze Test。我精心收集了高中英语短文语法填空,供大家欣赏学习!

高中英语短文语法填空篇1

 A:Welcome to the Zhoukoudian caves here in China.It is 61._____ great pleasure to meet you students from England,who are interested in archaeology.You must be aware that it?s here 62._____ we found evidence of some of the earliest people who lived in this part of the world.We?ve been excavating here for many years and...

 S1:I?m sorry 63._____ (interrupt) you but how could they live here? There are only rocks and trees.

 A:Good questions.You are an acute 64._____(observe).We have found human and animal bones in those caves higher up the hill as well as tools and other objects.So we think it is 65._____(reason) to assume they lived in these caves,regardless of the cold.

 S2:How did they keep warm? They couldn?t have mats,blankets or quilts like we do.It must have been very uncomfortable.

 A:We?ve discovered fireplaces in the center of the caves 66._____ they made fires.That would have kept them warm,cooked the food and scared wild beasts away as well.We have been excavating layers of ash almost six meters thick,which 67._____(suggest) that they might have kept the fire burning all winter.We haven?t found any doors but we think they might have 68._____(hang) animal skins at the cave mouth to keep out the cold 69._____ the freezing winter.

 S3:70._____ wild animals were there all that time ago?

 A:Well,we?ve been finding the bones of tigers and bears in the caves,and we think these were their most dangerous enemies.Now what do you think this tells us about the life of these early people?

 答案及剖析:

 61.a 考查冠词。句意:这次遇到来自英国的学生是件高兴的事,故用a。

 62.that 考查强调句。句意:你必须意识到就是在这里,我们发现早期人类的证据。由句意可知是强调句型,故应填that。

 63.to interrupt 考查固定搭配。be sorry to do...非常抱歉做

 64.observer 考查名词。此处用observe的名词形式observer。

 65.reasonable 考查形容词。It is adj. to do sth.为常用结构。

 66.where 考查定语从句。fireplaces作先行词,定语从句缺少地点状语,故选where。

 67.suggests 考查动词的时态。表示客观事实,用一般现在时。

 68.hung 考查动词形式。根据might have可知应用过去分词形式。

 69.during/in 考查介词。during/in the freezing winter在寒冷的冬天。

 70.What 考查特殊疑问词。根据下文提到we?ve been finding the bones of tigers and bears in the caves,and we think these were their most dangerous enemies可知在问这些野生动物是什么?

高中英语短文语法填空篇2

 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

 Betty:Hi,Victor.I heard you?ve got a part-time 61._____.

 Victor:No,I wish I had.I?m still 62._____ the waiting list.

 Betty:Seems like it?s 63._____ to get a good part-time job these days.

 Victor:You bet.The unemployment figures are up again this month.

 Betty:Don?t be 64._____ negative.Look at the jobs in the classifieds in today?s newspaper...so many openings.Just print out your resume and send 65._____ to them.

 Victor:I usually apply online.I send a short cover letter in the text of my e-mail and then attach my resume.What about you,Betty?

 Betty:Well,I haven?t even started 66._____ (plan) to look for a job yet.I didn?t get good grades last term 67._____ I bombed on two tests.

 Victor:Was it because you didn?t suck up (奉承) to your teachers?

 Betty:No,the teachers are very 68._____ (help).The main reason,I guess,was that I haven?t gotten accustomed to the way of learning here.In my country,we are used to 69._____ (learn)through memorization (死记硬背).Here,we 70._____ (teach) to think for ourselves.I?m working hard to adjust,and I?m catching up.

 语篇导读:这是一篇有关求职艰难的对话。贝蒂关切地询问维克多找工作的情况,维克多说没有找到,他对就业市场也不乐观,而贝蒂则还没有打算去就业的计划,她还想继续自己的学业。

 答案及剖析:

 61.job 考查名词。由全篇语境和下文的a good part-time job即可分析,此处该是名词job。

 62.on 考查介词。根据语境和句式结构分析,此处该填入介词on,构成on the waiting list搭配,即表示?在候补名单上?。

 63.hard/difficult 考查形容词。由上文的语境No,I wish I had.和下文的The unemployment figures are up again this month.即可分析,此句句意:看样子如今找一份兼职工作很艰难。故填入形容词hard或difficult。

 64.so/that 考查副词。结合上下文语境,贝蒂是在安慰维克多,句意:不要那么悲观。形容词negative被副词so修饰,也可由相当于so的that修饰。

 65.it 考查人称代词。根据语境分析,此处即填入指代your resume的人称代词it。

 66.planning/to plan 考查非谓语动词。根据语境和句式结构分析,此处该用非谓语动词作宾语,即构成start doing或start to do,意即?开始做某事?或?开始去做某事?。故填入planning或to plan。

 67.because 考查连词。根据I didn?t get good grades last term分析,造成此结果的原因是?我两门考试考砸了?,即I bombed on two tests.是原因,故用because引导原因状语从句。

 68.helpful 考查形容词。由回答语No即可分析,老师是不要奉承的,而且很给我提供帮助。结合空格前面的very即可分析,此处该是名词help的形容词helpful。

 69.learning 考查动名词。根据语境分析,此处该用be used to doing sth.,即表示?习惯于?,符合语境。

 70.are taught 考查被动语态。根据语境分析,In my country我们习惯于死记硬背,而Here,(老师)教我们自己思考。即主语we和teach之间存在动宾关系,故用被动语态。陈述的都是一般的事实,故用一般现在时的被动语态,即are taught。

高中英语短文语法填空篇3

 Once there lived a rich man 31 wanted to do something for the people of his town. 32 first he wanted to find out whether they deserved his help.

 In the centre of the main road into the town, he placed 33 very large stone. Then he 34 (hide ) behind a tree and waited. Soon an old man came along with his cow.

 ?Who put this stone in the centre of the road said the old man, but he did not try to remove the stone. Instead, with some difficulty he passed around the stone and continued on his way. 35 man came along and did the same thing; then another came ,and another. All of them complained about the stone but not tried to remove 36 . Late in the afternoon a young man came along. He saw the stone, 37 (say) to himself: ?The night 38 (be) very dark. Some neighbors will come along later in the dark and will fall against the stone.?

 Then he began to move the stone. He pushed and pulled with all his 39 (strong) to move it. How great was his surprise at last! 40 the stone, he found a bag of money.

 第二节 语法填空

 31. who 32. But 33. a 34. hid 35. Another 36. it 37. saying 38. will be 39. strength 40. Under

高考英语语法填空必背知识

 语法是语言的骨架,为了帮助考生们熟练掌握语法,下面我为大家搜索整理了关于 高考 英语语法填空真题(10篇),欢迎参考练习,希望对大家备考有所帮助!想了解更多相关信息请持续关注我们应届毕业生培训网!

 Passage 1 (2015?新课标全国Ⅰ)

 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

 Yangshuo,China

 It was raining lightly when I __1__ (arrive) in Yangshuo just before dawn.But I didn't care.A few hours __2__,I'd been at home in Hong Kong,with __3__ (it) choking smog.Here,the air was clean and fresh,even with the rain.

 I'd skipped nearby Guilin,a dream place for tourists seeking the limestone mountain tops and dark waters of the Li River __4__ are pictured by artists in so many Chinese __5__ (painting).Instead,I'd headed straight for Yangshuo.For those who fly to Guilin,it's only an hour away __6__ car and offers all the scenery of the better-known city.

 Yangshuo __7__ (be) really beautiful.A study of travelers __8__ (conduct) by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world.And the town is fast becoming a popular weekend destination for people in Asia.Abercrombie & Kent,a travel company in Hong Kong,says it __9__ (regular) arranges quick getaways here for people __10__ (live) in Shanghai and Hong Kong.

 语篇导读

 桂林山水甲天下,阳朔风光甲桂林。作者讲述了从香港去阳朔旅游时的所见。

 1.解析:考查动词的时态。主句谓语动词使用了过去进行时,根据语境此处要用一般过去时态。

 答案 arrived

 2.解析:考查副词的用法。由语境可知,几个小时之前我还在香港的家中,由此可知before/earlier符合句意。

 答案 before/earlier

 3.解析:考查形容词性物主代词的用法。空格后面有名词smog,故要使用形容词性物主代词。

 答案 its

 4.解析:考查定语从句关系代词的用法。由句子结构不难判断这是一个定语从句。先行词为指物的mountain tops and dark waters,关系词在从句中作主语,因此答案为that/ which。

 答案 that/ which

 5.解析:考查名词的复数。?so many+复数名词?为一常用短语。

 答案 paintings

 6.解析:考查介词的固定用法。根据句意可知,这只是驱车一小时的路程。?by+交通工具名词?为一固定短语。

 答案 by

 7.解析:考查主谓一致和动词时态。本段介绍阳朔的自然条件,属客观事实,要用一般现在时,由于主语是单数第三人称形式,因此答案为is。

 答案 is

 8.解析:考查过去分词短语作后置定语的用法。study与conduct之间为动宾关系,故用表示被动的过去分词形式。此外,by是解题的关键词,conducted by...意为?由?所做的?。

 答案 conducted

 9.解析:考查副词的用法。该词修饰谓语动词arrange,故要用其副词形式。

 答案 regularly

 10.解析:考查现在分词短语作后置定语的用法。由于live与其所修饰的名词people之间为逻辑上的主谓关系,故用表示主动意义的现在分词形式。

 答案 living

 Passage 2 (2015?新课标全国Ⅱ)

 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

 The adobe dwellings(土坯房)__1__(build) by the Pueblo Indians of the American Southwest are admired by even __2__ most modern of architects and engineers.In addition to their simple beauty,what makes the adobe dwellings admirable is their __3__(able) to ?air condition?a house without __4__(use)electric equipment.Walls made of adobe take in the heat from the sun on hot days and give out that heat __5__(slow)during cool nights,thus warming the house.When a new day breaks,the walls have given up their heat and are now cold enough __6__ (cool) the house during the hot day:__7__ the same time,they warm up again for the night.This cycle __8__ (go) day after day: The walls warm up during the day and cool off during the night and are thus always a timely offset(抵消)for the outside temperatures.As__9__(nature) architects,the Pueblo Indians figured out exactly__10__thick the adobe walls needed to be to make the cycle work on most days.

 语篇导读

 相比现代化的建筑,简陋的土坯房可谓丑陋不堪。但当代的 建筑师 却对其情有独钟。短文主要介绍了土坯房能够调节温度的原理。

 1.解析:考查过去分词短语作后置定语。主语dwellings与动词build之间为逻辑上的动宾关系,故用过去分词形式。又由by一词的暗示也可知用表示被动意义的过去分词。

 答案 built

 2.解析:考查定冠词的用法。空格之后为形容词的最高级形式,故填定冠词。

 答案 the

 3.解析:考查形容词与名词的转换。形容词性物主代词their之后应当用名词,故将able转化为其名词形式。

 答案 ability

 4.解析:考查介词的用法。介词without之后的动词要用动名词形式。

 答案 using

 5.解析:考查副词的用法。由土坯制成的墙壁在炎热的白天吸收太阳的热量并在凉爽的夜间慢慢将热量释放出来。修饰谓语动词give out,因此要用副词形式。

 答案 slowly

 6.解析:考查固定句式的用法。?形容词+enough+动词不定式?为一常用句式。

 答案 to cool

 7.解析:考查固定短语的用法。at the same time意为?同时?,是一个常用介词短语。

 答案 at

 8.解析:考查动词的时态。这是一篇说明文,主要介绍了土坯房冬暖夏凉的原理,故用一般现在时态。

 答案 goes

 9.解析:考查形容词的用法。修饰名词architects,故要用形容词形式。

 答案 natural

 10.解析:考查宾语从句的连接词用法。分析句子结构可知,这是一个宾语从句。根据形容词thick及结构可知这里的意思是印第安人要算出土坯墙的确切厚度。所以答案为how。

 答案 how

 Passage 3 (2015?福建)

 阅读下面短文,根据以下提示:1)汉语提示,2)首字母提示,3)语境提示,在每个空格内填入一个适当的英语单词,所填单词要求意义准确,拼写正确。

 Sometimes we have disagreements with people.When this (1)h_____, the important thing is to try not to let a calm discussion turn into a heated argument.Here (2)_____ my tips for you.

 The (3)f_____ thing I would say is that the way you begin the conversation is very important.

 Imagine you are a student and you share a flat (4)_____ another student who you think isn't doing her share of the housework.If you say, ?Look, you never do your share of the housework.(5) _____ are you going to do about it?, the discussion will very soon turn into an argument.It's much more (6)_____ (有帮助)to say something like, ?I think we had (7)b_____ have another look about how we divide up the housework.Maybe there is a better way of dealing with it.?

 My second piece of (8)a_____ is simple.If you're the person who is in the wrong, just admit it! This is the easiest and best way to avoid an argument.Just make an (9)_____ (道歉), and move on.The other person will have more respect for you (10)_____ the future if you do that.

 答案:

 1.happens 2.are 3.first 4.with 5.What 6.helpful/beneficial 7.better 8.advice 9.apology 10.in

 Passage 4 (2015?湖南)

 Directions: Complete the following passage by filling in each blank with one word that best fits the context.

 Research has become both simpler and more complex. It's simpler because, __1__ you have a computer, you can find information you need by searching the Internet. For all your information, you don't have to go to __2__ library to find the relevant resource and take notes on it. Instead, you can find some sources from the Internet __3__ print the copies needed.Remember, however, that you should usually consult different types of sources. That is, you __4__ always rely just on the Internet for your research.

 While finding information is easier than ever, at the same time, researching has become __5__ complex. There is a lot more material available, which means you may be overwhelmed __6__ the amount of information. You need to learn __7__ to sort through and find the relevant information for your particular project. Also, __8__need to check the accuracy of it.

 语篇导读

 随着电脑和因特网的出现,研究变得既简单又复杂。一方面,我们不必像以往一样在书中搜索资料,这为我们提供了极大的方便;另一方面,网络中众多的资料良莠不齐,选择准确的信息使我们的工作变得愈加复杂。

 1.解析:考查状语从句。根据句意,如果你有了电脑,你可以通过上网获得所需的信息。

 答案 if

 2.解析:考查冠词。go to the library去图书馆;in the library 在图书馆。

 答案 the

 3.解析:考查连词。and 连接并列谓语find和print。

 答案 and

 4.解析:考查情态动词。根据上文你应该(should)查阅不同的资料。

 答案 shouldn't

 5.解析:考查形容词比较级。参见上文第一句more complex。

 答案 more

 6.解析:考查介词。be overwhelmed with 面临,陷入。

 答案 with

 7.解析:考查疑问词。根据句意,你需要学习如何分类并找到特定任务的相关信息。how to do 是含有疑问词的不定式,在此处作宾语。

 答案 how

 8.解析:考查代词。参见上文You need to learn how to sort throug...

 答案 you

高考英语语法填空进行时态知识点与必记的单词

英语高考的时候,不管是单词、 短语 、句型还是语法,都会被考察到,所以考生们一定要全面复习好这些知识。下面是我整理分享的高考英语语法填空必背知识,欢迎阅读与借鉴,希望对你们有帮助!

高考英语语法填空必背知识

一、部分过去式和过去分词不规则变化的动词

1. broadcast (broadcast, broadcast) 广播

2. flee (fled, fled) 逃跑

3. forbid (forbade, forbidden) 禁止

4. forgive (forgave, forgiven) 原谅

5. freeze (froze, frozen) 结冰

6. hang (作“绞死”讲,是规则的;作“悬挂”讲,其过去式过去分词都是hung)

7. lie (作“说谎”讲时,是规则的;作“位于”讲时,其过去式是lay,过去分词是lain)

8. seek (sought, sought) 寻求

9. shake (shook, shaken) 发抖

10. sing (sang, sung) 唱歌

11. sink (sank, sunk/sunken) 下沉

12. spread (spread, spread) 传播

13. swim (swam, swum) 游泳

14. tear (tore, torn) 撕碎

15. weave (wove, woven) 编织

二、以下动词加-ed或-ing要双写最后一个字母

双写规则口诀:重读闭音节有特点,词尾是两“辅”夹一“元”。

若把-ing,-er(-est),-ed添,辅音字母要双写全。

注:两“辅”夹一“元”:指单词最后三个字母是“辅音字母+元音字母+辅音字母”(最后一个字母如是w,x,y除外),其中元音字母所发的音是该单词的重音。即“以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节词”。

1. admit (admitted, admitting) 承认

2. permit (permitted, permitting)允许

3. regret (regretted, regretting) 后悔

4. forget (forgotten, forgetting ) 忘记 unforgettable

5. control (controlled, controlling) 控制

6. occur (occurred, occurring) 出现

7. prefer (preferred, preferring) 宁愿

8. refer (referred, referring) 提到

9. equip (equipped, equipping) 装备

注意:quarrel, signal, travel中的l可双写(英国英语)也可不双写(美国英语) 另外注意:destroy (destroyed) employ (employed)

shyer; shyest

三、容易拼写错的数字

1. eighth第八 2. ninth第九 3. forty四十 4. twelfth第十二

5. twentieth第二十

四、注意形容词变名词时的拼写变化

1. long—length 长度— lengthen加长

2. wide—width 宽度—widen

3. high—height 高度—heighten

4. strong—strength力量 —strengthen

5.deep—depth—deepen

6. short—shortness—shorten

7.broad—broadness—broaden

8.large—largeness—enlarge

五、以-ic结尾的动词,应先把-ic变为-ick,再加ing或ed

1. picnic (picnicked, picnicking) 野餐

2.panic (panicked, panicked) a./ v.惊慌,恐慌,惶恐不安

六、个别名词的'复数拼写

1. German (Germans) 德国人

2. gulf (gulfs) 海湾

3. handkerchief (handkerchiefs) 手帕

4. hero (英雄),potato (土豆),tomato (西红柿) 等有生命的以-o结尾的名词变复数时要加-es。

5. roof (roofs) 房顶

6. stomach 胃 (其复数是stomachs而不是加es)

七、常用复数形式

1. headphones (耳机), trousers (裤子),sunglasses (太阳镜), scissors (剪刀), compasses (圆规)

2. noodles, vegetables, snacks小吃, 快餐,

3. make friends with 与...交朋友,in high/low spirits (情绪高涨/低落), have sports (进行体育活动)。

4. congratulations (祝贺)。

5. celebrations (庆祝),

八、注意动词变名词时的拼写变化

1. succeed—success成功

2. pronounce—pronunciation 发音

3. explain—explanation解释

4. decide—decision 决定

5. enter—entrance进入

6. permit—permission 允许

7. refuse—refusal 拒绝

8. consider—consideration 考虑

9. discover—discovery 发现

10. bury—burial 埋葬

11. conclude—conclusion 得出结论

12. arrive—arrival 到达

13. weigh—weight 重量

14.press--pressure压力

九、注意去不去e

possible—possibly 可能的 argue—argument judge—judgment

value—valuable courage—courageous

高考英语语法填空必背知识相关 文章 :

★ 高考英语语法填空进行时态知识点与必记的单词

★ 高考英语语法填空考点总结

★ 英语高考语法填空《英语语法手册》知识点

★ 高考英语语法填空一般时态知识点与训练题

★ 高考英语语法填空动词知识点与语法填空题与答案

★ 高考英语语法填空副词知识点与练习题

★ 高考英语语法填空解题策略

★ 英语高考语法填空规律总结与练习题

★ 高考英语语法填空技巧整理

★ 高考英语语法填空比较级知识点与强化训练题

英语高考语法填空技巧口诀

 时态(tense)是一种动词形式,不同的时态用以表示不同的时间与方式。它是表示行为、动作、状态在各种时间条件下的动词形式,在英语中有16种时态。我在这里整理了相关资料,希望能帮助到您。

 高考英语语法填空进行时态知识点

 进行时态

 过去将来进行时的墓本概念、形式和用法

 过去将来进行时(future-in-the-past continuous tense)表示在对过去某一时间而言的将来某一时刻或某一段时间正在进行的动作。

 1)过去将来进行时的形式由should be(第一人称)或wonld be(第二、三人称)加现在分词构成。美国英语一律用wonld。

 2)过去将来进行时的用法

 a)表示在过去的将来的某一时刻或某段时间正在进行的动作。如:

 He asked me what I should be doing at ten the next day.他问我第二天十点钟我将干什么。

 They said that they would be expecting us the next week.他们说他们下个星期等我们去。

 b)表示在过去某一时间之后即将或按计划进行的动作。如:

 He said he could not come because he would be haying a meeting.他说他不能来,因为要开会。

 一般时态与进行时态的区别

 一般时态与进行时态的主要区别有二:

 1)一般时态通常表示经常的动作或状态,而进行时态则表示在某一时刻或某段时间正在进行着的动作。如:

 We read newspapers every day.我们每天读报。

 She is now reading the newspaper.她现在正在读报。

 2)一般时态表示主语的固有特征、能力等,而进行时态则表示主语在某一时刻或某段时间内所进行的具体动作。如:

 He sings well.他唱得很好。

 He is singing a folk song.他在唱一首民歌。

 [注] 并不是所有的动词都能用进行时态,例如表达状态、感情和感觉的某些动词,通常只能用一般时态而不能用进行时态,例如"know"(知道)一般就不能用进行时态。这类动词还有be(是),have(有),1ove (爱),hate(恨),want(想要),1ike(喜欢),think(认为),believe(相信),see(看见),hear(听见)等。

 现在进行时的基本概念

 1)现在进行时表示此时此刻(说话人说话时)正在进行的动作,它并不表明这一动作从什么时候开始,到什么时候结束。汉语常用"(正)在"或"着"来表示这种时间关系。如:

 What are you doing?

 -I'm doing some washing.你在干什么?--我在洗衣服。

 Look! It is snowing.瞧!下着雪哩。

 She is drawing a map.她在画一张地图。

 Are they listening to the music?

 -NO,they are listening to the radio.他们在听音乐吗?--不,他们在听收音机。

 2)现在进行时可表示现阶段正在进行着的动作,虽然此时此刻这个动作可能并不在进行。如:

 He is working on a paper.他在写一篇论文。

 They are compiling a dictionary.他们在编一本词典。

 3)现在进行时有时可表示将来发生的动作,有"意图"或"打算"的含义(用于go,come,stay,1eave,start等表示移动的动词)。如:

 He is corning to see you tomorrow.他明天要来看你。

 They are going to the Ming tombs this coming Sunday.这个星期天他们要到十三陵去。

 They are taking the children to the zoo on Sunday.他们星期天要带孩子们去动物园。

 What are you doing next Sunday? I'm going on a picnic with my wife and daughter.这个星期天你要干什么?我要和妻子和女儿去野餐。

 过去进行时的基本概念

 过去进行时(past continuous tense)表示过去某一时刻或某段时间正在进行的动作。如:

 I was practicing the violin at eight o'clock yesterday evening. 昨晚八点钟我正在练习小提琴。

 When Walter arrived home,his sister was doing her homework.沃尔特到家时,他妹妹正在做作业。

 Pat was watching TV all evening. 帕特整个晚上都在看电视。

 过去进行时的形式

 过去进行时由was(第一、三人称单数)或were (其余各人称和数)加现在分词所构成。

 过去进行时的基本用法

 表示在过去某一时刻或某一段时间正在进行的动作,这一特定的时间往往须用时间状语来表示。如:

 She was reading an English magazine when I came in.我进来时她在看一本英文杂志。

 It was getting dark.天黑了。

 They were working all day yesterday.他们昨天整天工作。

 We were cleaning the auditorium from 7 to 9 last night.昨晚七点到九点我们在打扫大礼堂。

 I met him when he was crossing the street.他过街时我碰见他。

 过去进行时的其他用法

 1)表示移动的动词go,come,start,stay,leave等的过去进行时,可以表示过去将来发生的动作。如:

 They wanted to know when we were leaving for Shanghai. 他们想知道我们什么时候到上海去。

 She asked whether he was starting then ext day.她问他是否第二天就动身。

 2)动词go的过去进行时态加动词不定式,可以表示在过去某一时间之后将要发生的动作。(比较8.24的3)如:

 They said they were going to set up a nursery.他们说他们要设立一个托儿所。

 She said the foreign guests were going to visit the Shanghai in dustrial Exhibition.她说外宾要去参观上海工业展览会。

 The monitor announced that our new teacher was going to speak to us.班长宣布新老师要跟我们讲话。

 3)过去进行时可用来描写故事发生的背景。如:

 It was a dark night. The wind was blowing hard and the rain was falling heavily. A young woman suddenly appeared on the riverbank. it was Xier. She had just escaped from Huang Shiren's house.那是一个漆黑的夜晚。风刮得很厉害,雨下得很大。一个年轻妇女突然出现在河岸上。这就是喜儿。她刚从黄世仁的家里逃了出来。

 过去一般时与过去进行时用法比较

 过去一般时通常表示过去发生的一个单纯的事实,而过去进行时则表示在过去某一时刻或某段时间正在进行的动作,强调在这一过程中所进行的动作或展开的情景。试比较:

 We built a bridge last winter.去冬我们修了一座桥。(意即去冬我们做了这件事,桥已经修好了。)

 We were building a hydro-electric station last winter.去冬我们在修水电站。(意即去冬我们一直在修水电站,修完与否不详)

 I wrote a letter home last night. 昨晚我写了一封家信。(意即)昨晚我做了这件事,信写完了。)

 I was writing a letter to my pen friend in America last night. 昨晚我在给我的美国笔友写信。(意即昨晚我一直在写信,不一定写完)

 语法填空识记单词

 1. appear:v.出现 ? (appearance)n.外貌;出现

 2. give - gave - given 给

 3. think - thought - thought 认为

 thought:n.思想,想法?(thoughtful)adj.深思的;体贴的

 4. leave - left - (left)留下

 5. close:adj.近的 ? (closely) adv.近

 6. tradition:n.传统 ? (traditional) adj.传统的

 nutrition:n.营养 ? (nutritional) adj.有营养的

 nature:n.自然 ? (natural) adj. 自然的

 person:n.个人 ? (personal) adj.个人的?(personally)adv.就个人而言

 7. happy:adj.高兴的 ? (happiness) n.幸福 ? (happier) adj.更高兴的 ?(happier为happy的比较级,be happy with ... 对...满意)

 8. color:n.颜色,彩色 ? (colorful) adj.彩色的

 care:n.护理 ? (careful) adj.小心的 ? (carefully) adv. 小心

 use:n.用处 ? (useful)adj.有用的

 wonder:v.想知道;n.奇迹 ? (wonderful)adj.精彩的? (wonderfully) adv.极好地

 9. luck:n.运气 ?(lucky)adj.幸运的 ? (luckily) adv.幸运的是 ? (unluckily) adv.不幸运的是(but提示)

 10. fortune:n.运气 ? (fortunately) adv.幸运的是 ?(misfortune)n.不幸

 ? (unfortunately) adv.不幸运的是(but提示)

 11. eat:v.吃 ? (eating)(为eat的动名词) n.吃? eat - ate - eaten

 12. call:v.把...称为 ? (called) (为call的过去分词)

 13. grow - grew - grown 生长 ? (growth) n.生长

 14. especial:adj.尤其的,特殊的 ? (especially) adv.尤其

 15. sell - (sold) 卖; buy - (bought) 买

 16. main:adj.主要的 ? (mainly) adv.主要

 17. educate:v.教育 ? (education) n.教育

 18. feel - (felt) 感到;fall - (fell) 落下

 19. practice:v./n.练习 ? (practically) adv. 实际上

 20. recover:v.恢复 ? (recovery) n.痊愈

 21. survive:v.幸存 ? (survival)n.幸存 ? (survivor)n.幸存者

 22. understand - understood - understood 理解 ? (misunderstand) 误解

 23.(responsible) adj.有责任感的 ? (responsibility)n.责任感 ? be responsible for 对...负责

 24. able:adj.有能力的 ? (ability) n.能力

 25. honest:adj.诚实的 ? (honestly) adv.诚实地 ?(honesty)n.诚实

 26. fool:v.愚弄;n.傻瓜 ? (foolish) adj.愚蠢的

 27. dead:adj.死的 ? (deadly) adj. 致命的

 28. tell - told - told 告诉;sell - (sold)

 29. avail:v.有益 ? (available) adj.可利用的

 reason:n.原因 ? (reasonable) adj. 合情合理的

 30. please:v.使...高兴;请 ? (pleased)adj. 高兴的 ? (pleasure) n.愉悦 ?(pleasant)adj.令人愉快的

 31. accept:v.接受 ? (acceptance) n.认可,接受

 32. win - won 赢;differ:v.不同 - (different) adj.不同的

 33. break - broke - broken 打碎

 34. wear - (wore) - worn 穿

 tear - (tore) - torn:v.撕破;流泪 n.眼泪

 35. loss:n.损失 ? lose:v.丢失;迷失 ? lost:adj.迷路的;丢失的

 36. wood:n.木材 ? (woody) adj.木质的

 37. regular:adj.有规律的,定期的 ? (regularly) adv.定期

 38. possible:adj.可能的 ? (possibly) adv.可能地

 probable:adj.可能的 ? (probably) adv.可能地

 terrible:adj.可怕的 ? (terribly) adv.可怕地

 simple:adj.简单的 ? (simply) adv.简直;简单地

 39. surprise:n.惊喜;v.使吃惊 ? (surprisingly) adv.惊人地

 increase:v.增加 ? (increasingly) adv. 日益增加地

 40. actual:adj.实际的 ? (actually) adv.实际上

 41. sudden:adj.突然的 ? (suddenly) adv.突然

 42. fall- (fell) - fallen 落下

 43. build - built - (built) 修建 (rebuild:v.重建)

 44. slow:adj.慢的;v.减慢 ? (slowly) adv.慢地

 45. blood:n.血液 ? (bleed) v.流血

 46. effect:n.效果 ? (affect) v.影响

 have an effect on sb 对...有影响

 47. perform:v.表演 ? (performer) n.表演者 ? performance n.表演

 48. decide:v.决定 ? (decision) n.决定

 49. contribute:v.贡献 ? (contribution)n.奉献(to)

 50. develop:v.发展 ? (development)n.发展(with)

 51. assist:v.帮助 ? (assistant)n.助手

 52. arrive:v.到达 ? (arrival)n.到达

高考英语语法填空

英语高考语法填空技巧口诀如下:

1、名词是秃子,常要戴帽子。可数名词单,须用a或an,辅音前用a,an在元音前,若为特指时,则须用定冠。复数不可数,泛指the不见。碰到代词时,冠词均不现。

2、名词所有格,表物是谁的,若为生命词,加s即可行,词尾有s,仅把逗号择并列名词后,各自和共有,前者分别加,后者最后加,若为无生命词,of所有格,前后须倒置,此是硬规则。

3、反意问句三要点,前后谓语正相反。短句not如出现,必须缩写是习惯,最后一点应注意,短句主语代词填。

4、宾语从句须注意,几点事项应牢记。一是关键引导词,不同句子词相异。

5、感叹句,并不难,what、how放句前。强调名词用what,其余用how很简单。

高考语法答题技巧:

1、名词形式变化。名词的形式变化主要有单数、复数、所有格的变化。

2、动词形式变化。动词的形式变化比较多,有谓语的变化(时态、语态、语气),有非谓语的变化(不定式、动名词、现在分词、过去分词)。

3、代词形式变化。代词形式变化通常是与人称变化有关的三大类五小类,即人称代词(主格和宾格)、物主代词(形容词性和名词性)、反身代词。另外还有几个不定代词的形式变化,如noone/none、other/another等。

高考英语语法填空的技巧和方法

1. 两空常填连词

表原因:now that;

表让步:even if / even though

表方式:as if / as though / just as

表目的:so that / in case

表结果:so that

定语从句中:介词 + which

表条件:what if

表除了:except when/that

2. 三空常填连词

表目的:in order that / for fear that

表时间:as soon as

表条件:as/so long as / on condition that

特别注意:no matter how + adj./ no matter what + n.

3. 两空常填介词

表原因:because of/ due to/ owing to/

表让步:regardless of

表递进:apart from

表相反:instead of/ rather than

表除了:except for / other than

4. 三空常填介词

表让步:in spite of

表递进:in addition to

5. 两空常填情态动词

have to / had better / wouldrather / ought to / may/might (as) well

高考英语语法填空技巧_关于高考英语短文语法填空

高考英语语法填空技巧

一、纯空格试题的解题技巧 纯空格填空题主要是填冠词、介词、代词、连接词(含从属连词和并列连词)等虚词。 首先,分析句子结构,根据句子所缺成分确定填哪类词。然后,根据句子意思,确定具体填什么词;或根据两句间的逻辑关系确定具体用哪个连词。共有以下7个技巧: 技巧1:在简单句和并列句中,若句子缺主语或宾语,一定是填代词。?

技巧2:名词前面,若没有限定词(冠词、形容词性物主代词、不定代词等),很可能是填限定词。 技巧3:名词或代词在句中不作主语、表语或动词的宾语时,其前面,一定是填介词。 技巧4: 若两个或几个单词或短语之间没有连词,可能是填连词。

技巧5:若两个句子(即两个主谓结构)之间没有连词,也没有分号或句号,一定是填并列连词(连接并列的句子)或从属连词(连接定语从句、名词性从句和状语从句)。 技巧6: 由特殊句式结构来判断空格应填的词。(1)由it is…that…强调结构的形式,判断it 还是that。判断方法:去掉it is…that…结构,句子还是一个完整的句子就是强调句型。

 短文填空题,又可称之为首字母填空,顾名思义,根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,使短文意思完整,每空限一词。我整理了关于高考英语短文语法填空,欢迎阅读!

 关于高考英语短文语法填空篇一

 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。

 One day, my friend showed his favorite book to me. He also said it was __16__ second part of the very famous book - Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.

 I borrowed the book from a young librarian and I enjoyed reading it __17__ (immediate).I realized __18__ wonderful books could be! Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is filled with adventures. The main character was Huckleberry Finn, a poor English boy, __19__ father was a low class drunk, and wanted to get his son?s fortune which Finn had gotten previously in another adventure with his friend, Tom Sawyer. __20__, Finn ran away from his father and met another boy called Jim. __21__ friends went to the sea and got on a ship. They also went to __22__ (variety) islands in the sea and had many adventures. Eventually Finn returned home, only __23__ (find) that his father had died. From then on he has no longer been in any danger. Jim also got his freedom __24__ Finn?s help.

 This novel __25__(write) by the well-known English author Mark Twain who also wrote the famous book Tom Sawyer.

 参考答案

 16. the 17. immediately 18. how

 19. whose 20. Therefore 21. Both

 22. various 23. to find 24. with 25. was written

 语法填空

 16. the。考查冠词。序数词前面用定冠词来修饰。

 17. immediately。考查词类转换。此处用副词来修饰动词。

 18. how。考查关系副词。how引导宾语从句并在从句中作状语。

 19. whose。考查定语从句。该空后有名词father作主语,故填关系代词whose引导定语从句修饰先行词boy。

 20. Therefore。考查连词。根据句意,Finn的父亲想得到儿子的财产,因此,儿子要逃跑。

 21. Both。考查代词。这里用both专指Huckleberry Finn和Tom Sawyer两个人。

 22. various。考查词类转换。这里应该填形容词various 修饰名词islands。

 23. to find。考查非谓语动词。only to do sth表示一种出乎意料、不期望看到的结果。

 24. with。考查介词。with sb?s help 意为?在某人的帮助下?。

 25. was written。考查动词形式。根据句意,这本书是由Mark Twain 写的。

 关于高考英语短文语法填空篇二

 Jonny:Hey!I'm just practicing Tai Chi(太极).Would you like to join me?

 Peter:I know nothing about it. Is it difficult?

 Jonny:It seems easy,but you need a lot of practice. You just follow me like this.

 Peter:OK. Don't laugh__1__ me. I may look funny.

 Jonny:Bend your knees slightly and reach out your arms like tree branches,naturally and__2__(soft).Try to keep your body straight. Move slowly,then be sure to keep your balance and don't let your body shake.

 Peter:I cannot control my body well. My legs become__3__(pain).

 Jonny:Keep __4__(hold)your position for a while. It helps develop your strength and flexibility. Raise your leg and let__5__ stay in the air for seconds.

 Peter:I feel my legs shaking. I cannot do this any longer.

 Jonny:Be patient!Tai Chi__6__(call)?shadow boxing? in English. It asks you to act like water:to be flexible as well__7__ strong. In real competition,a Tai Chi master borrows the strength of the competitor and uses this energy to fight back. The__8__(hard)you try to beat him,the more likely you will get hit. He controls you!

 Peter:Unbelievable!Oh. . . ,__9__ you don't mind,I'll stop and take a deep__10__.

 1.解析:laugh at sb. ?嘲笑某人?。

 答案:at

 2.解析:and连接并列成分,前面是naturally,所以后面用softly。

 答案:softly

 3.解析:become后接形容词,构成系表结构,故用painful。

 答案:painful

 4.解析:keep doing?持续/一直在做某事?。

 答案:holding

 5.解析:特指your leg。

 答案:it

 6.解析:此处表示被动。

 答案:is called

 7.解析:as well as 是固定搭配,意为?也,还?。

 答案:as

 8.解析:此处为the harder. . . the more. . . 结构,表示?越.. . 就越.. . ?。

 答案:harder

 9.解析:?如果你不介意的话?,表示条件。

 答案:if

 10.解析:take a deep breath?深呼吸?。

 答案:breath

 关于高考英语短文语法填空篇三

 My mother and I walked down to the rocky coastline near the cabin in Maine. We collected stones. By the time I was 7,my mother had taught me to know the ones worth__1__(keep): We hunted for polished rocks,marbled greenstone.

 We wandered far apart that day. On my side of the long beach,I picked up a rounded piece of granite__2__(circle)by white veins of quartz. I saw the rock had been split;a break recent enough__3__the edges weren't exactly smoother,old enough that they weren't exactly __4__(sharp).

 Then my mother called to me,and we walked __5__(meet)each other. I had half a stone in my hand to show her. She pulled the other half from her pocket and shouted her__6__(astonish).I laughed. It couldn't be. It was. The seagulls cackled with us.

 Twenty?three years since that morning,and still we are together and separate,__7__(move)apart and back,over and over. Always the reminder sits in a glass?paned cabinet__8__ the dining room of the family home,two flawed pieces of stone held together with__9__ faded rubber band. Proof that once,__10__(incredible),we found the far?flung halves of a broken thing and made them whole again.

 1.解析:结合前面的形容词worth+doing的用法,因此填keeping。

 答案:keeping

 2.解析:根据语境,此处circle与前面的granite构成动宾关系,因此用过去分词作后置定语。

 答案:circled

 3.解析:根据语境,此处that引导了一个结果状语从句与后面的old enough that. . . 呼应。

 答案:that

 4.解析:与前面的smoother呼应,指?也不那么的锋利?,因此使用比较级。

 答案:sharper

 5.解析:根据前面的walked可知,此处用不定式作目的状语。

 答案:to meet

 6.解析:前面是一个形容词性物主代词,因此后面用名词。

 答案:astonishment

 7.解析:根据语境,此处用现在分词短语作伴随状语。

 答案:moving

 8.解析:结合后面的地点,表示?在?里面?,因此用介词in。

 答案:in

 9.解析:根据语境,此处用a泛指?一个?。

 答案:a

 10.解析:修饰整个句子,用副词作状语。

 答案:incredibly

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